Bossuet, Jacques Bénigné

Bossuet, Jacques Bénigné
   Bishop and Theologian.
   Bossuet was born in Dijon, France, and was educated in Paris. At a very early age, he was picked out as an outstanding speaker, and after ordination he served as Archdeacon to the Cathedral Chapter at Metz for seven years, before moving to Paris. In 1670 he was appointed tutor to the French Dauphin and in 1681 he was consecrated Bishop of Meaux. Bossuet is now mainly remembered for his extraordinary preaching gifts and for his support of moderate Gallicanism. In 1682 he drew up the Four Gallican Articles which affirmed the powers of the General Council over the Pope and denied that the Pope had power over the king in temporal and civil matters. He provided an important statement on the divine right of kings in his Politique tirée de l’Écriture Sainte. His philosophy of history was expounded in his Discours sur l’Histoire Universelle and he argued that divine providence was the key to historical causation. Towards the end of his life, he became more entrenched in his positions. He supported the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, thus ending the privileges of Protestants and he was largely responsible for the condemnation of François fénelon’s mystical spirituality. He engaged in a long correspondence with the philosopher Gottfried leibniz on the question of Christian unity and his Méditations sur l’Evangile and his Élévations sur les Mystères are generally considered to be spiritual classics.
   W.J. Sparrow Simpson, A Study of Bossuet (1937).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • BOSSUET, JACQUES BENIGNE° — (1627–1704), celebrated French preacher. Bossuet was canon in Metz (1652–56), bishop of Condom (1669), tutor to the dauphin (1670–81), and bishop of Meaux (1681). It was chiefly while living in Metz that he had the opportunity to take an interest …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — • French bishop and orator (1627 1704) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — (1627 1704)    prelate, theologian, and writer    one of the greatest French preachers and religious writers, Jacques Bénigne Bossuet was born in Dijon and educated in Jesuit schools in Paris. In 1652, he was ordained a priest and, after being… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne — Bos·suet (bôs wāʹ), Jacques Bénigne. 1627 1704. French prelate and historian noted for his funereal orations and a philosophical treatise on history. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — born Sept. 25, 1627, Dijon, France died April 12, 1704, Paris French bishop. Ordained a priest in 1652, he gained a reputation as a great orator and popular preacher. In 1681 he became bishop of Meaux. He was the most eloquent and influential… …   Universalium

  • Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne — ► (1627 1704) Escritor y orador francés, llamado el Águila de Meaux. Obispo de Condom y de Meaux. Preceptor del delfín, de 1670 a 1679 se dedicó íntegramente a sus tareas docentes, redactando Discurso sobre la historia universal (1681). Sostuvo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bossuet, Jacques Benigne — (1627 1704)    Churchman and orator; bishop of Meaux; took a leading part in the Gallican controversy.    Index: L On poverty and liberty, 123.    Bib.: Works: Histoire Universelle; Oraisons Funèbres. For biog., see Chambers, Biog. Dict …   The makers of Canada

  • Jacques Bénigne Bossuet — (* 27. September 1627 in Dijon; † 12. April 1704 in Paris) war ein französischer Bischof und Autor. Er leistete einen bedeutenden Beitrag zur Geschichtsphilosophie und gilt den Franzosen als Klassiker unter i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacques-Benigne Bossuet — Jacques Bénigne Bossuet « Bossuet » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Bossuet (homonymie). Jacques Bénigne Bossuet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques-bénigne Bossuet — « Bossuet » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Bossuet (homonymie). Jacques Bénigne Bossuet …   Wikipédia en Français

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